Permascand Top Holding AB (publ) manufactures and sells electrochemical solutions. The company operates through three segments: Industrial Solutions, Water Treatment, and Electrification & Renewables. It offers electrochemical cells used for electrowinning of metals, as well as methods for the extraction of lithium and production of green hydrogen, and for energy and transmission applications; and electrodes in titanium and electrification and renewables, as well as coating and aftermarket services. The company also provides chlorate and chloralkaline process systems, as well as aftermarket services, such as recoating and refurbishment of installed bases. In addition, it offers products for electrochemical disinfection of water primarily within the marine sector and treatment of ballast water for ships; and supplies electrochlorination cells for ballast water treatment systems. Permascand Top Holding AB (publ) was founded in 1971 and is headquartered in Ljungaverk, Sweden.